Archive for the ‘Disease’ Category

Various Causes & Symptoms Pain in the Neck

January 29, 2012 1 comment

The most common cause of neck pain are soft tissue abnormalities related to the injury or the prolonged use and wear.In rare cases, infection or tumors may cause neck pain. In some people, neck problems can be a source of pain in the upper back, shoulders, or arms.
Dr Bernard Lee, Director of Interventional Pain Management Services, Singapore Pain Care Center, Singapore said, for athletes and people with active lifestyles, is likely to have neck problems fairly high. Trauma due to falls, slips in a bicycle accident or a car that is not fully healed and repaired can worsen neck pain. Few painkillers can reduce neck pain. However, if left untreated for a long time, the pain can be acute.

“If the neck pain disorder does not disappear after six weeks, you should consult a doctor immediately,” he advised.

What happens if not treated?

For starters, Dr. Lee recommends treating acute neck pain in order to prevent it becoming chronic. Chronic neck pain can cause deterioration, muscle stiffness, contractures (bent neck) and stiffness. There will be a decrease in neck movement, and maybe even bend the body.

Symptoms associated with neck pain :

Cervical disc protrusion

Disc stuck in the neck area can cause prolonged neck pain with stiffness constant of the surrounding neck and shoulder muscles.This pain may spread to the shoulder and / or arms. Depending on the degree of protrusion, the vertebrae can be narrowed to varying degrees.

Cervicogenic headache

Certain headaches associated with neck pain. They arise spontaneously, sometimes so strong that awaken the patient from sleep. The pain often feels sharp, with each duration lasts from several minutes to several hours. This can be accompanied by numbness in the shoulder or hand.

Symptoms of pain miofasial

Often, these patients have many weak trigger point above their shoulders, neck and upper back, between the scapula and menyebgabkan their weak arm. This type of pain can be relieved by massage or acupressure for short periods of time. This pain may be triggered by stress.


Muscle pain which generally involve the neck, lower back, shoulders, buttocks and limbs. There is often involvement of severe fatigue, abdominal pain or psychological pressure. Patients may experience joint stiffness in the hands, feet and neck in the morning

Rheumatoid arthritis

A systemic disorder involving inflammatory conditions poly arthritis, involving the hands and feet or neck pain.

Effects of stress

If someone is rushing to meet deadlines, without knowing it, the neck muscles strained and shortened neck and causes neck joint stress. Studies have shown that stress reduces a person’s breathing, reducing oxygenation to a number of specific muscles.


Remove Pain in the Neck!

January 29, 2012 Leave a comment

Very often we hear everyday expression pain in the neck is usedwhich causes impaired activity. Great pain in the neck can be a very unpleasant experience.

Associated with the following factors you hold the head-neck for approximately 16 hours a day, seven days a week and the pain is not felt only while it is lying asleep. During 16 hours of this, your neck feels stiff when working, bent when watching television, reading, exercising, even when talking on the phone. So do not be surprised if your neck shouting for help!

Almost everyone has experience with pain or stiffness in the neck. Neck pain is taking almost half of all ligament conditions, and when the whole spine pain, this is the most general case (in addition to cough and flu) at the clinics practice general practitioners and ranks second as a cause one has to leave work.

Fortunately, most neck pain is not a sad condition. “Muscles acute sprains of the neck – acute ‘Marine’ neck, is 50-60 percent of the causes of pain in the neck. But this can be cured using simple treatments, such as analgesia, rest, and physical therapy. However, some soreness is the pain more serious than others, “said Dr. Bernard Lee MK, Director of Interventional Pain Management Services, Singapore Pain Care Center, Singapore.

“There are other conditions that may threaten life or cause great discomfort and create other pain, such as headache, shoulder weakness, dizziness and low back pain,” he explained.

Life-threatening condition

This condition requires immediate care and stabilization:

1. Cervical disc condition, this includes disc bulge compression on the nerve that causes critical stenosis of the spinal canal, resulting in weakness and then paralysis of limbs

2. Cracks in the cervical spine that causes imbalance and possible paralysis.

3. Infections of the organs around the neck

4. Spontaneous aneurysm of the vertebral artery or carotid It occurs when blood vessels in the neck spontaneously dilate.

5. Arthropati and osteoarthritis, pain arising from facet joint damage.

If we divide the categories of neck pain, pain can arise either locally or come from other areas. Causes of local pain in the neck can be caused by:
– Neck nerve – nerve compression or irritation
– Ligamental and muscle injury – sprain or whiplash.
– The segment of the cervical spine – inflammation of small joints (facet)
– Framework bone – cracked
– Infections

Even when the cause of neck pain is benign, it can be very crippling. Therefore, we should not underestimate the pain of the neck muscles due to a twist of local muscle that can spread to the shoulders, arms and even fingers. Sometimes it feels like chest pain or a stabbing pain in the shoulder. If the pain is unbearable, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Early Detection and Prevention of Rheumatic Disease

January 29, 2012 Leave a comment

Rheumatic diseases is one of many common diseases and frequently suffered by the people of Indonesia. Whether it’s young or old, the disease is always haunt the jointsand supporting tissue structures around the joint. The effects of rheumatic diseases is tremendous pain. And if the disease affects an on going basis it will result in permanent disability.The more severe illness would lead to disability, and declining quality of life. Rheumatic diseases strike almost at all joints. But the joint is a favorite place of the occurrence of arthritis are the hands, fingers, knees, feet and hinges. Rheumatic diseases also attack other joints. Like the spine, neck, hips,  jaw, shoulder, and the connection of small joints in the ear.Arthritis also can affect various organs in the body such as heart, skin, blood vessels, and lungs. Rheumatism has a characteristic in his attack. He attacks the joints in a symmetrical or on both sides of the body. This is different from osteoarthritis which usually only affects one joint only.

Rheumatic Disease Symptoms

In general, the symptoms that arise will be the emergence of arthritis varies greatly in each person. But usually they will experience the following signs:

1.  In the morning will experience joint stiffness. Generally, arthritis will last for 60 minutes or an hour. These symptoms will be very different from the stiffness in osteoarthritis that can disappear only after half an hour.

2.  Experienced swelling of the joints generally will feel warm and mushy takala touch. Pain due to arthritis attacks occur in a symmetrical (right and left) but the level of severe pain of arthritis will vary in line with body parts which are often used.

3.  There will be bumps (nodules) as a result of inflammation of blood vessels. Will nodules of green beans. These lumps will often be found along the arthritic attacks occurred.

4.  The accumulation of fluid or commonly referred to as fluid buildup. It’s often found on the ankles. In some cases, the sac behind the knee joints are also experiencing water retention. Typically called baker cyst. But Baker cysts also occur in people who are not affected by rheumatism.

5.  The presence of symptoms similar to flu. Such as coughs, colds, fever, or weight loss. The difference for those affected by arthritis will experience it for years. Noteworthy though rheumatic is an annual illness, but the passing attack of this disease. Come and go.

Maybe you will feel tremendous pain rheumatism followed by inflammation of the joints. These symptoms became known as flares or flare. This attack can occur suddenly and without cause.Then be followed by a period of rest, but interspersed with inflammation. That warrant concern are, in rheumatic attack in the first year may result in damage or severe permanent disability in the joints.

Causes of Rheumatic Diseases

Until now the cause of rheumatic disease is still unknown origin.But some medical experts say if this rheumatism dipantik by several factors. Call it because of the virus, vulnerable genetic, or hormonal changes. The fact is, if the weather is more easily affected by rheumatic diseases than the adam. And even if they (women) tested positive, the process of pregnancy and breast-feeding activity will memerburuk condition.

Early Detection of Rheumatic Diseases

The doctor will detect rheumatic diseases through a series of examinations. As a physical examination and diagnostic tests.Blood tests are also mandatory. This test will find out how big the levels of Rheumatoid Factor (RF) or who are often called by antibodies in the body. With this test the doctor will be able to deduce how much arthritis has undermined your body.

RF will determine whether or not you are stricken with rheumatism. However, a negative RF does not mean a relief.Because only 20 percent of arthritis patients who showed a negative RF. Another way in early detection of rheumatic diseases is by X-ray examination. With this examination will be known whether there is damage your joints. But be it known if it would not have x-rays show changes in the early stages of rheumatic diseases.

Rheumatic diseases, especially in the early detection requires patience and expertise in the decision. Because rheumatic show early symptoms similar to a kind of disease. Call it arthritis. If the doctor has decided you are suspected of suffering from rheumatism, he will immediately refer to expert rheumatologic.This special arthritis doctor who will provide follow-up treatments for rheumatic diseases.

Myths Regarding Rheumatic Diseases

Often circulated various myths or facts that are present in the vicinity of rheumatic diseases. They believe, or agrees, if the myths or facts must be done or should be avoided to avoid the joint disease. But whether the various myths and facts are true?Let’s follow the following reviews:

1. Have you ever received a recommendation from a parent to avoid a shower the night at a young age? This myth is believed to lead to rheumatic diseases in old age. Really? Until now still can not be proven this assumption. Good night’s bath with cold water or warm water there is no research that is able to prove it. But for people with rheumatism, bath with cold water it will make the muscle stiffness or spasms.

2. Kale and spinach cause arthritis?  Wait a minute. Again, no studies that could prove to be fact. Even in the extreme, if you are indeed positively affected by rheumatic then food should be avoided instead of two healthy vegetables on top, but a lot of foods that contain purines. As meat offal, seafood, and various beverages containing alkhohol.

3. Is also trigger gout arthritis? Not always. Research shows only 10 percent of patients with rheumatoid arthritis who have high uric acid. And vice versa. Many patients with high uric acid just does not have arthritis. Arthritis occurs not always caused by high uric acid levels in the blood. Rheumatism will appear when uric acid crystals accumulate and eventually form that builds up in joints.

4. Elderly customers of this disease? Not necessarily.Rheumatism after all and knows no age. Rheumatic type of osteoarthritis will love those aged 45 years. While the type of arthritis lupus eritemotosus be fond of women at reproductive age. And for the people here will be easily attacked by gout.

5. Whether the disease is a derivative of suffering? Rheumatism is not a legacy. But in some cases frequently encountered family is a risk factor. From parent to child, could have revealed rheumatism.

6. Pain in the bones at night, whether it is arthritis? Arthritis can strike at any time. Whether it’s the night, morning and afternoon. In fact, the common symptoms that appear in patients with rheumatoid arthritis are stiffness and inflammation in the joints.

Prevention is better than cure. Perhaps this also applies to rheumatic diseases. Before you decide to choose medical treatment, try to do some habits to prevent rheumatic disease. Multiply like walking activity and food consumption of fruit and vegetables such as prevention of rheumatic watermelon, avocado, strawberries, apples, or asparagus. However, if the arthritis has been authorized to attack you, the treatment media is not the only way out. You can also try alternative treatments or therapies for arthritis.

Statins Increase Risk of Diabetes?

January 29, 2012 1 comment

Statins are known to us as a cholesterol-lowering drugs could be one cause of the increased risk of diabetes in middle-aged and elderly women.

Similarly, a recent study conducted by U.S. scientists say. However, its benefits as preventive medicine heart attack can still be perceived by the users of these drugs.

Those who took statins for more than 7 years, it was diagnosed to have 50 percent higher risk of disease of diabetes than those who do not use it. This conclusion is derived from in-depth study of about 1000 women in the United States.

“Treatment Statin use to women who have passed menopause resulted in an increased risk of developing diabetes (diabetes mellitus) for these women,” according to Yunsheng Ma of the University of Massachusetts.

The researchers used health data obtained from 150,000 women who were free of diabetes at the age of 50-70 years.

Some of the women surveyed were asked to change your diet or taking hormone therapy or vitamins, while the other participants were not asked to change your diet or lifestyle of their daily.

At the beginning of the research conducted in mid 1990, the participants fill out a health questionnaire containing questions whether they are taking statins or not, information about diabetes such as weight and activity level. And researchers continue to observe them up to 6-7 years.

In conclusion, more than 10,200 women have diabetes and statin users had a risk of diabetes by 48 percent compared with those not using statins.

On the other hand, for men the risk of developing diabetes statin users increased by 10-12 percent more than those not using statins according to Naveed Sattar an expert on metabolism and diabetes at the University of Glasgow.

These results may be more accurate because it obtained from the volunteers, which means adding diversity to the research subjects. Still, the results of this study could not demonstrate a reciprocal relationship between statins with diabetes accurately.

The high level of cholesterol into the cause of the women began taking statins.

The reason has not been found yet definitely known that the effect of statin use on muscle and liver causes the body produce more sugar than normal size or cause users more rarely exercise according to Sattar.

The statin users had to find another way to reduce cholesterol because of side effects of statins are quite disturbing. Many ways can be done for example by reducing weight, exercise more often and continue to control blood sugar levels.

“Statins do have the risk of diabetes but still good for those who have heart disease and stroke” said Sattar

Diabetes Diet Myths and Facts

January 29, 2012 1 comment

Diabetes may make you avoid all of your favorite foods. In fact, this treatment is not the right step. Although many people believe and apply the way, this is just myth.

To help you design the proper diabetes blood money, here are some myths and facts about diabetes diaet:

Too much sugar trigger diabetes

Eating too much sugar alone will not make you suffer from diabetes. Diabetes occurs when the body susceptible to interference in changing the food you eat into energy.

Body break down the food you eat into glucose, a type of sugar that is needed to power the body’s cells. The cells will use glucose with the help of insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas.

Type 1 diabetes will appear if the pancreas can not make insulin.Without insulin, sugar accumulates in the blood vessels.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when insulin production from pancreatic insufficient, insulin is not working properly, or both.

Too many rules in a diabetic diet

If you have diabetes, you need to design a diet. But the principle is simple: you choose foods that can cooperate with the activity and medications to keep blood sugar levels as normal as possible.

Carbohydrates are bad for diabetes

In fact, carbohydrates are good for diabetes. Carbohydrates serve as the foundation for a diabetic diet, as well as other diets.

Carbohydrates have the greatest effect on blood sugar levels.Therefore, you are asked to monitor the amount of carbohydrates consumed.

Also, choose karbohirat the most rich in nutrients, such as whole-grain breads, fruits and vegetables. To help select the right type, it is better to consult a nutrition expert.

You may be more interested in eating protein given the large influence of carbohydrates on blood sugar. However, too much protein can also trigger the problem.
Protein-rich foods, like meat, rich in saturated fats tend. Eating too much of these fats increases the risk of heart disease. In a diabetic diet, the amount of protein should be 15 to 20 percent of your total daily calories.

Doses of drugs
Adjust dose of drug with the amount of food consumed. If you use insulin, you can learn to adjust the amount and type you use with the food consumed. But, that does not mean you can eat as you like and then use more medications to stabilize blood sugar levels.

If you use other types of diabetes drugs, do not try to adjust the dose with the amount of carbohydrates in the diet, except on your doctor’s instructions. Most diabetes drugs work best if consumed regularly as dictated by physicians.

Favorite foods
No need to stop eating your favorite foods. All you need to do is:
1. Changing how to cook your favorite foods.
2. Change or replace other foods that often you mix with your favorite foods.
3. Reducing the serving size.
4. Using your favorite food as a reward if you follow the diet.
5. Consult a nutrition expert to include your favorite foods in the diet.

Identify 5 Types of Headaches

January 29, 2012 2 comments

Treating headaches should not be arbitrary, because the types and causes vary. For if not careful, one can instead choose drugs trigger another type of headache.

Type of most headaches can indeed be cured with a mild headache medicine regular. But there are also to be followed by administering antibiotics, or even a supplement to maintain neuronal function.

In order not wrong in choosing a drug, identify five types of headaches, as quoted from, the following.

1. Tension headache
Is a type of headache the most common form of pain or soreness that is felt constantly around the temples or the back of the neck and head. Not as bad as migraine, tension headache is not accompanied by nausea and vomiting and not too distracting activity. The drugs are sold freely powerful enough to handle, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen.

Experts suspect, the cause of this type of headache is the contraction of neck and scalp that usually accompanies stressful conditions. Can also be triggered by changes in chemical composition in the brain.

2. Cluster headache
One type of headache is more common in men than women.Usually occurs mendadap in one group, with symptoms of severe pain on one side of the head. Sometimes accompanied by watery eyes, nasal congestion, and runny nose on the same side of the head. A person who experienced it will feel anxious, uncomfortable, such as in patients with migraine.

The exact cause is unknown, but suspected a genetic disorder in component. There is no drug that can effectively cure, but medications can reduce pain symptoms.

3. Sinus headache
Experiencing sinus inflammation due to infection can cause pain in the head. Usually accompanied by fever, and should be checked degan MRI or CT scan to determine changes in fluid composition, or with a fiber optic to see any pus.

In addition to pain relievers, antibiotics are also needed by penerita this type of headache. if necessary, your doctor may prescribe allergy or lozenges.

4. Rebound headache
Do not indiscriminate use of pain medication, because the excessive use is one of the causes of type headache on this one.Rebound headache is a headache that continues beulang, and sometimes it gets worse every time treated.

One theory says, too many drugs cause the brain’s response and instead jumped aggravate headaches. Another theory mengatahan, rebound headache is a symptom of drug withdrawal as the feedback effects after drug levels in blood thinning.

5. Migraine headache
This type of headache that is often found this is a neurological disorder (nerve) and is defined by the following criteria:
1. Previously had experienced headaches no less than 5 times
2. Continued for 4 to 72 hours
3. Have 2 of 4 the following complaints: headaches; head throbbed; moderate to severe pain; can not perform routine activities
4. Accompanied by one of the following symptoms: nausea and / or vomiting; become sensitive to sound and light.
Some drugs are claimed to overcome the-counter migraine and maintain nerve function. But to make sure no serious problems with the nervous system, you should consult with your doctor to get a diagnosis.

Women More Often Got Migraine

January 29, 2012 1 comment

Three out of four people who experience migraines or headaches are women. Why do women rely more often get migraines than men?

Migraine is the pain of the head are usually characterized by sensory warning such as blind spots, nausea, vomiting and increased sensitivity to sound and light. Pain in migraine can occur within a few hours but some are up to several days.

Migraine that occurs in women as reported by womenhealth, generally at age 20 to 45 years. Some even got migraines when starting menstruation and menopause.

Experts say there is a relationship between migraines and fluctuations in female hormone estrogen. Women who use oral contraceptives are also more likely to experience migraines.

Women’s lives ranging from work environment, family and social obligations allegedly could be a trigger. These factors make it difficult for women to fulfill her role in the workplace and at home when a migraine attack appear.

Migraine headaches are caused by a combination of enlarged blood vessels and release of chemicals from nerve cells are wrapped around the vasculature.

During the headache, enlarged arteries located on the outside of the skull under the skin of his temple. This is causing chemicals are released that cause inflammation, headaches, and enlargement of the arteries, as quoted from Medicalnewstoday.

Migraine causes nervous system responds to nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Other responses will affect the small intestine that affect food absorption, lowers blood circulation which causes the hands and feet became cold and increased sensitivity to light and sound.

There are several potential triggers that cause migraines are: allergic reaction, loud noises, the light is too bright, emotional and physical stress, changes in sleep patterns or irregular sleep, exposed to cigarette smoke, skipping meals or fasting, alcohol, irregular periods circulation , The fluctuating hormones during menopause, tyramine-containing foods such as red wine, chicken livers, smoked fish, some nuts, monosodium glutamate (MSG) and nitrate-containing foods such as bacon, hot dogs and a kind of sausage.

The International Headache Society recommends ‘formula 5, 4, 3, 2, 1’ to diagnose whether you are affected by migraine, namely:

1. Occur 5 times or more attacks.
2. Duration can be 4 hours to 3 days.
3. There are at least two areas that experienced unilateral pain, making the  situation worse or inhibit the activity.
4. At least one additional symptom such as nausea, vomiting, sound and light sensitive.

To diagnose it could do some tests such as electroencephal computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine the cause.